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Fiddle Music From Central and SE Europe
Seeking origins of Bohemian and Gypsy fiddle music.
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ELCBK
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January 28, 2022 - 4:51 am
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Alphonse Mucha was a famous Czech painter & illustrator from the Art Nouveau period - most people recognize the beautiful women he depicted in his posters. 

I believe it was a colorful Era for music, too - just not sure if this is the best way to look at violin/fiddle music in Europe.

I hope to start more discussions about Central & SE European Fiddle music on the forum, because it's early folk music had a huge influence on it's famous Classical composers, as well as some amazing journeys of this music, like Moravian Church music from early 18th Century settlers in the USA - maybe Gypsy and Bohemian origins that have influenced music all over the world. 

Still not sure yet, how much more I can include Geographically or Culturally for each musical region - especially pertaining to violin/fiddle music in Europe, so I continue to explore isolated areas, in hopes a bigger picture will emerge.   

Here's a link to where I posted a documentary about Baroque Music from Moravia: 

https://fiddlerman.com/forum/c.....a/#p122968

 

hyperpage01.jpgImage Enlarger

...music's been on an amazing historical journey and bowed string instruments have been a large part of it!   Getting to know people around the World, and what music they enjoy or grew up with, even if only by video - is as much fun as learning to play their music on my violin! 

- Emily 

 

P.S. History was not, and never will be, my strong suit - I'm STILL seriously inept, when it comes to remembering dates.  And I even get Slovakia and Slovenia mixed up! (lol)

On my unguided quest to learn more about traditional fiddle music & music in general, since I've joined this forum - I've started to seek out connections of Cultural & Geographical Regions in Europe. 

A problem I've recently found with this, is 'Linguistic Evolution', besides Cultural Evolution and Geo-political designations of these regions has changed so dramatically throughout history - MUCH more so than I remember from childhood history lessons! 

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ELCBK
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January 28, 2022 - 6:00 am
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Czechia, The Czech Republic used to be known as Bohemia (Wikipedia) in Central Europe. 

Famous Classical Composers, but what about the folk music? 

The "Olšava Folk Ensemble" plays traditional Czech music - lots of Fiddles!  This tune is from Moravia

 

 

Info on Olšava:  https://www.ifda.at/dcdf/dcdf2.....nce-group/

 

WARNING: These are lengthy video's, but at least worth taking a few minutes to sample some of this music.

Czech Moravian Folk Music (at Traditional Music Channel).  There's a lot of violin & strings to be heard throughout this music.

 

"Carpathian Folk Music" - (at Traditional Music Channel).  The Carpathian Mountains stretches down into Central and SE Europe.

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January 28, 2022 - 6:31 am
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https://thegraphicsfairy.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/GypsyViolin-GraphicsFairy1.jpg

What about 'Gypsy' music? 

There is a large concentration of "Romani" people (Gypsy) in Central & SE Europe.  I'm still not sure of their music influence on, or from Klezmer.  I really want to learn more about this. 

In many of the places Romanies live they have become known as musicians. The wide distances travelled have introduced a multitude of influences of Byzantine, Greek, Arabic, Indian, Persian, Turkish, Slavic, Romanian, German, Dutch, French, Spanish and even Jewish musical forms. It is difficult to define the parameters of a unified Romani musical style, as there are many differences in melodic, harmonic, rhythmic and formal structures from region to region.

...you can find additional General Traditional Gypsy music (long videos) at the Traditional Music Channel (YouTube).

Taraf De Haidouks - "Balkan Gypsy Folk Music".  PLEASE tell me if I posted this already (maybe something similar). 

 

I grew up thinking HUNGARY is where 'Gypsy' music originated - guess I was a little narrow-minded! (lol)

Hungarian Folk Songs "Szep asszonynak kurizalok" and "Gyorscsardas" (at DC Music School)! 

 

 

Snippets from a Hungarian Folk music performance in Budapest (at Davis McWilliams). 

 

 

- Emily

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March 26, 2022 - 11:18 am
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Here's a great tutorial for a tune in 7/16 from the Balkan region of Romania, by Lulu Starr.

 

 

"Dă mamă cu biciu-n mine" (Mother please forgive me) a Romanian tune played by Lulu Starr.  

 

 

https://i.pinimg.com/736x/15/8b/52/158b5228451b39a41b0050e2e788e00f.jpg

 

...some fancy Fiddlesticks, used in the last video! 

- Emily 

 

"Fiddlesticks" garden sculpture by Col Henry.

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April 21, 2022 - 4:52 am
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Chris Haigh has a GREAT Eastern European violin/fiddle playlist of Tutorials!   One is Romanian, 2 Polish & 6 Ukrainian! 

Eastern European Fiddle Tutorials - Chris Haigh Playlist

 

From what I've read so far (and heard) many great Composers of Classical Ukrainian music have been heavily influenced by their Country's (and surrounding area's) Folklore and Folk music.  AND, violin/fiddle plays a HUGE part in all of it!

Classical Ukrainian Composers Thread

I found this wonderful paper that shows Myroslav Skoryk's connection - find the complete paper in the attachment.

"Ukrainian Folklore Influences in the Music of Myroslav Skoryk: Historical Background and Performance Guide to Selected Violin Works" by Iuliia Alyeksyeyeva. 

Excerpts:

The violin holds a special place in the cultural, societal, and historical heritage of
Ukraine. Skoryk’s works for violin draw on both Ukrainian folk traditions as well as classical performance traditions. The intricacies of Skoryk’s folk-inspired classical pieces of music are rooted in the oral traditions of Ukrainian folk music. 

...In Ukrainian culture, nature plays an extremely important role in various aspects of life. There is always a strong connection between nature and the supernatural, which creates mystical connotations in most Ukrainian folk music. 

...One of the main aspects that set Ukrainian folk music apart from Asian or Western European music is its use of traditional church modes as well as more exotic scales, where it often demonstrates its chromatic character.

...As mentioned above, much of Ukrainian folk music is based on traditional church modes such as: Lydian, Phrygian, Mixolydian, Dorian, and mixtures of modes. The Hutsul mode (Ukrainian minor scale) is known as one of the more exotic scales specific to the music of Ukraine. This is a minor scale with raised 4th and 6th scale degrees. Also, in Ukraine it is considered by many to be the Ukrainian Dorian mode.

GREAT info on types of Ukrainian Folk Music and examples of tunes - plus SO much more!

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May 5, 2022 - 4:23 am
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https://i.pinimg.com/474x/69/9a/a1/699aa1ce7993785337cee298874cbd42--music-online-jewish-art.jpg

 

Just realized I never linked the 'Klezmer' Thread here! 

https://fiddlerman.com/forum/i.....s/klezmer/

More great info about Klezmer, but also about gypsy music and similarities in style - same regions/Countries with great popularity. 

...always looking for more! 

- Emily

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