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With respect to bowing, the upbeats are normally an up bow, and I've read that 4/4 music is generally an up bow for beats 2 and 4 with a down bow for beats 1 and 3. How do you do it for 3/4 time? I've attached some sheet music I got that I can't figure out. The tune is very nice, but the bowing kicks my butt. Any help, even different from the suggestions in the sheet music, are greatly appreciated.
The first note is a down bow. The next 4 are all on the up bow.
This is a down bow symbol. Your music shows that you start the first note with a down bow by using this symbol.
The line under the next 4 notes after the first one, means to slur them together, in one bow.
What @Georganne said is correct. More generally, for 3/4, 6/8 time, 9/8 time (ignoring the slurs in this particular piece for the moment,) if we imagine that this 3/4 time tune is just made up of quarter notes, then the first measure would start with a down bow, the second measure would start with an up bow, the third measure would start with a down bow, etc. This is, of course, because these time signatures have an odd number of beats.
More specifically, in this piece, if you count each non-slurred note as a single bow stroke and each group of slurred notes as a single bow stroke, then you'll see that by the time you get to the suggested up bow symbol, that's exactly what you would be expecting. It might be an instructive exercise to take a pencil and mark each bow stroke direction on the score for each bow direction change in this piece.
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Slowly the light bulb is starting to illuminate. Thank you for all the responses. Y'all have given me much to consider. I'm used to the piano where bow strokes are nonexistent. I can read the up and down bow notation, but there were not many of those, therefore I was confused as to what to do in the interim. Now I understand the importance of the slurs. Maybe one day my lightbulb will fully illuminate
Thanks again for pointing me in the right direction.