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Hi all, been awhile, havent that much time to practice nowadays(sadly), but well, theres something i'm a bit curious about, and i think i should learn, how do i know in which position should i play a song? Lets say, mmh i downloaded a sheet, started to try to play it in first position, as usual, and when i saw the video of the person who composed that song, i found that it was being played in third position (just to set an example), and well, thats it? How do I know?
Because life is like a violin, with the need of a violinist
Unless the sheet music indicates the position, which is rare, you should play a piece in whatever position allows you to most comfortably play it. More complicated pieces can have complex patterns and call for high notes or harmonics not reachable in first position; if you find one of the other positions makes the piece easier to play, that's the one you should use.
The different positions are tools that open more options for you.
Some pieces would have numbers to show you your fingerings and shifting, for example, if you go to the sheet music section, look for Bruch, Max:
Violin Concerto No.1, Op.26, on the second line, bar 4, on one of the 16th notes there's a 1 on top of it (note D), that tells you you will be playing on the sixth position.