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The World of Bowing Possibilities!
Time to look upon advanced techniques.
Topic Rating: 5 Topic Rating: 5 Topic Rating: 5 Topic Rating: 5 Topic Rating: 5 Topic Rating: 5 (5 votes) 
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ELCBK
Michigan, USA
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November 9, 2020 - 7:28 pm
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https://image.invaluable.com/housePhotos/Nicholson/09/595809/H0804-L104103684.jpg

I need help solving a bow stroke mystery!  

Maybe you Cello players might recognize this mysterious bowing phenomena.

This all began because I'd been feeling good about correcting my basic bow hold and gaining better control (while staying relaxed) - it's pretty natural now, but there have been several tunes where my hand demanded changes...  

I'm not ready for every type of bow stroke, yet, but I like to understand what possibilities are/will be available to me. 

So, I revisited all of the great Fiddlerman Bowing videos (beginner - advanced), then headed out online to some favorite sites.  

Found an amazing William Fitzpatrick video I hadn't seen where he talks about "a hundred different bow holds" and when to use different fingers!  Plus much more. 

"Creating and Using Bow Strokes" 

 

Now, I'm still absorbing all this info, tried a few things... but there's one bowing technique/effect (maybe a multiple or more complex one) that still mystifies me. 

Knowing why we want to be able to bow closer to the bridge or closer to the fingerboard is one thing, but I've seen some extremes - strange angled/slide or sweep across the strings, expressive stuff that just captivates me.  I want to understand it all! 

Admittedly, I've noticed this technique used more on the Cello. 

  1. Leo Sanders playing "Stålvalsen" with Mia/Mikael Marin (5th post, The Vals - Nordic genre), starting at 2:24 thru 2:54.  https://fiddlerman.com/forum/n.....n-it-be/ 
  2. Shannon Hayden playing Cello, "Noel Nouvelet" (4th post, Christmas Project thread).  https://fiddlerman.com/forum/f.....bration/ 
  3. Jacob Fowler playing Cello, "Mongolian Bowl Dance" (1st post, "Can Violin Sound Like Erhu" thread).  https://fiddlerman.com/forum/p.....n-a-cello/

The only amazing violin performance I've recently run across, that clearly shows this angled/slide technique along with bowing half way up the fingerboard, is Maria Kaneko Millar's "Sakura" (3rd post, "Can Violin Sound Like Erhu or Kokyu?" thread). 

https://fiddlerman.com/forum/p.....n-a-cello/

 

Can anyone help me with this "Mystery" bow stroke?

Does anyone know the correct term, any tips or helpful insight into using this angled/sweep across the strings, special effect on the strings? 

https://i.pinimg.com/originals/18/21/9d/18219d74b9516c673a11effee5a9c8e1.png

 

- Emily 

 

Btw, the angled/slide is an audible sound effect, not just a pathway to get the bow from one area to another.

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ELCBK
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January 17, 2021 - 11:14 am
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I found another odd bowing technique!

Might be a version of the one I saw/heard in the 1st post?

Figured better here than my Welsh thread. 

Angharad (Violin & Viola) uses her bow for some special effects and plays several Welsh tunes with her Mother, Delyth (Harp).  

It's at the beginning of the 2nd tune (I can't pronounce it). 

Actually starts at 3:30 minutes. 

@GregW - you might really enjoy the very 1st tune! 

 

 

giphy.gif

 

Nice effect, anyway! 

- Emily

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GregW
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January 17, 2021 - 7:58 pm
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sounds like flautando..from some of my spitfire audio libraries.  

oh and yes i liked that 1st tune.

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ELCBK
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January 18, 2021 - 3:43 am
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@GregW -https://i1.wp.com/www.wehuntedthemammoth.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/thank_you_cat2.gif

"Flautando" lead me to "Sul Tasto"!  

Conflicting info: some say they are basically the same,

others say Flautando and Sul Tasto are different, but both using fast bow speed I didn't see in my examples!   

I'm thinking I'm seeing a combination in the examples of my 1st and 2nd posts!

But even MORE ADVANCED - also adding a progression of the bow up and down the strings (not just back and forth). 

In Angharad's performance, she actually did a circular motion (VERY COOL).  

Think I found the slower speed AND the position movement I saw in all the Cello and Violin players! 

 

So, is Sul Tasto the elusive technique? 

 

FIDDLERMAN?

- Emily

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AndrewH
Sacramento, California
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January 18, 2021 - 8:18 pm
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Flautando and sul tasto are definitely not the same, and I haven't ever heard anyone say they are basically the same. Sul tasto is usually part of the flautando technique.

Sul tasto just means playing over the fingerboard. Flautando is playing with a very light, fast bow stroke, hair tilted to reduce contact area, easiest (and most commonly done) on or near the fingerboard but possible anywhere on the string.

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ELCBK
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January 19, 2021 - 4:43 am
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@AndrewH -

Thank you, that's why I like to check with more sources.   

None of my video examples are using a fast bow stroke, though - assuming there are some liberties with each technique? 

So, is Sul Tasto the technique Angharad used in the Welsh Medley (DnA) video (Post No.2)?  Angharad also uses Col Legno.

 

Btw, the site with the video that said "Flautando, also known as Sul Tasto", authored "Art of String Teaching" so I thought worth mentioning albeit confusing. 

 

giphy.gif

 

...love Simon's Cat. 

- Emily

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AndrewH
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January 19, 2021 - 5:22 am
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The key to flautando is super-light bow pressure and a tilted bow. I wouldn't call it a super fast bow stroke, but to get a decent sound you probably need a faster bow stroke than you would otherwise use. And it is most commonly played sul tasto (on the fingerboard) in the absence of other instructions.

However, flautando is not always sul tasto -- I've seen the direction "flautando sul pont." in an orchestra part, which means flautando near the bridge.

And sul tasto does not imply flautando at all. If I see "sul tasto" without further instructions, I'll play with normal bow weight and speed over the fingerboard. Playing over the fingerboard produces a slightly muted, "fuzzy" sound.

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AndrewH
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January 19, 2021 - 5:28 am
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What I see in the video is flautando, but note that not every bow stroke is over the fingerboard.

The thing about flautando is that it isn't very precisely described as a technique at all; the term refers to the effect you get, not how you get it. Here's an example of a cellist playing flautando with a similar circular bow stroke, and the video description defines flautando as involving circular movements. But I've never been asked to play that way in an orchestra; normally when I see the "flautando" direction I would play over the fingerboard unless otherwise specified. The main thing to remember should be: flautando is an effect, sul tasto is a specific technical instruction.

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ELCBK
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January 19, 2021 - 6:56 am
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@AndrewH -

WOW! 

I can't believe you found that video! 

I thought I watched quite a few videos on Flautando, and NONE of them were like this! 

Really appreciate your help clearing this up for me, Andrew - I been trying to find out about this technique for a while, so now I understand Flautando and Sul Tasto! 

Thank you!  Thank you!  Thank you! 

giphy.gif

- Emily

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GregW
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January 19, 2021 - 9:35 am
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give it time..it becomes relevent to topic.  4:00 is hilarious.  he has some violinist and cello peeps playing examples

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Fiddlerman
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January 25, 2021 - 11:08 am
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AndrewH said
....................

Flautando is exactly as the description sounds. A floating light sound as Andrew spoke of in the previous (Post 7) post.

The above video does not ,in my over 40 years of professional experience opinion, show flautando.

Very light bowing that doesn't really pull the string enough to get a solid sound is what I would describe as Flautando. It might be the airy sound that prompted the person from the video to describe it as such.

"The richest person is not the one who has the most,
but the one who needs the least."

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ELCBK
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February 6, 2021 - 9:30 am
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When I started this thread I was so excited to find all these bowing techniques. 

 

Just kind of bummed it's taken me all this time just to get to where I can finally start to focus/choose to play closer to the fingerboard or closer to the bridge! 😒

https://i.pinimg.com/originals/c9/f5/d5/c9f5d5221cae5bc591afa0624fb6a84e.jpg

 

- Emily

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